Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

Etiquette                            

Gamae                           Posture

Rei                                  bow

Seiza                               sit down

Target  areas

Jodan                             upper level

Chuudan                        mid-level

Gedan                             low level

Kubi                                neck

Ago                                 jaw

Kicks

Mae geri                        front kick

Mawashi  geri               roundhouse kick

Ushiro geri                     back kick

Yoko(geri) kokomi        side kick (thrust)

Yoko(geri) keage          side kick (snap)

Hand & arm strikes

Tettsui                         hammer fist strike

Choku tsuki                straight punch

Kizami                          jab

Uraken uchi                back fist strike

Ura tsuki                     uppercut

Kagi zaki                      hook punch

Oi tsuki                        lunge punch

Gyaku tsuki                the punch is delivered from the side of the body which is not leading

Enpi uchi                     elbow strike

Shimi waza  (strangles)

Okuri eri jime           sliding lapel choke

Kata ha jime             single shoulder choke

Hadaka jime               naked choke

Kansetsu waza  (arm locks)

Juji katame       cross body lock

Ude gatame      straight arm lock

Ude garame      wrapping arm lock

Kata gatame      shoulder hold

Kesa gatame      scarf hold

Waki gatame      armpit arm lock

Judo Throws

Ippon seanage

Kouchi gari                 minor inner reaping throw

Kosoto gari                 minor outer reaping throw

Koshi garuma             whirl throw

Marote seanage        2 hand throw

O soto maki komi      major outer winding throw

O uchi gari                  major inner reaping throw

O soto gari                  major outer reaping throw

Sukui nage                  scooping throw

Tai otoshi                    body drop throw

Tawara geshi              rice bag reversal throw

Tani otoshi                 valley drop throw

Uchi mata                  inner thigh throw

Uranage                     back throw

Uki goshi                   floating hip throw

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